Appendix I – Known Constants
Constant 
Value and Dimensions 
Quantum measurements 
Compton wavelength 

Coulomb’s electrostatic constant 

Elementary Charge 

Fine Structure Constant 

Mass of Electron 

Mass of Neutron 

Mass of Proton 

Newton’s gravitational constant 

Permeability 

Permittivity 

Planck’s Constant 

Speed of Light 
Appendix II  New Constants
Constant 
Value and Dimensions 
Quantum measurements 
Acceleration 

Area 

Capacitance 

Charge 

Conductance 

Current 

Current Density[1] 

Double Cardioid 

Drag 

Eddy Current^{90 }(page 121) 

Electric Charge Density 

Electric Field Strength[2] 

Electric Flux Density[3] 

Energy (Tshankha) 

Flow 


Force 

Frequency 

Friction 

Gyration 

Inductance 

Irradiance 

Length 

Light 

Magnetic Field 

Magnetic Flux 

Magnetic Flux Density 

Magnetic Flux Strength 

Mass 

Mass Density 

Mass to Charge Ratio (Electromagnetism) 

Momentum 

Photon 

Potential 

Power 

Pressure (Energy Density) 

Resistance 

Resonance 

Rotating Magnetic Field (page 63) 

Shock Frequency 

Specific Charge 

Specific Volume 

Stroke 

Surface Charge 

Surface Density 

Surface Tension 

Sweep 

Temperature 

Time 

Torque 

Velocity 

Viscosity 

Volume 

Wave Number 
Glossary
Aether unit – The primary unit of physical and nonmaterial existence equal to times Coulomb’s constant.
Antimatter – Matter that has opposite spin direction to normal matter.
Antiproton  The antiparticle of the proton.*
Charge – [Dimension] The intrinsic property of Aether, inherited by angular momentum, and responsible for all electric phenomena.* [Measurement] The measure of the dimension of charge.
Conductance, Aether  A measure of the Aether’s ability to conduct electric charge.
Constant  A quantity assumed to have a fixed value in a specified mathematical context.* Quantum measurements and quantum units are also constants.
Constant of proportionality – A phrase used to obfuscate the true nature of a constant.
Dimension  an expression of the character of a derived quantity in relation to fundamental quantities, without regard for its numerical value.* In the APM the spherical constant of is also considered a dimension, along with mass, length, frequency, and charge.
Double cardioid – A natural geometrical construct of spaceresonance, which characterizes as two parallel cardioids with opposite spin.
Double loxodrome – Similar to loxodrome except that it extends over the surface of two adjoining spheres.
Electron – A stable onn having the angular momentum equal to Planck’s constant.
Elementary charge – The charge imparted by the Aether unit when an onn occupies one of the four Aether spin positions. The elementary charge has the same magnitude for all charged onta, but it can be negative or positive depending on which Aether sphere the onn occupies. Elementary charge has a solid angle of 1.
Energy – A unit with the dimensions of mass times velocity squared. Energy is a unit for quantifying the amount of work performed by onta, but energy is not an object of itself.
Frequency – [Dimension] The property or condition of occurring at regular intervals. [Measurement] The number of times a specified periodic phenomenon occurs within a specified interval. *
Friction – A unit in the Aether Physics Model equal to resistance times velocity.
Gforce – An enormous, allpervading force that drives the physical Universe, equal to .
Hutchison effect – The phenomena produced when bombarding materials with microwaves and electrons at a specific combination of frequency and charge density. Effects witnessed are objects accelerating upward and the rearranging of molecular structure without affecting atomic structure. First reported by John Hutchison.
Inertia – The quality of the dimension of mass, which causes objects in motion to stay in motion and objects at rest to stay at rest.
Length – [Dimension] The state, quality, or fact of being long. * [Measurement] The measurement of the length dimension.
Light – A unit in the Aether Physics Model equal to the photon unit times the frequency of photon reproduction.
Loxodrome  The path on a sphere that maintains a fixed compass direction, shown on a sphere as a line crossing all meridians at the same angle.
Mass – [Dimension] The quality that identifies inertia. [Measurement] The measurement of inertia. Mass is not equal to matter, mass is merely a dimension, or a measurement of that dimension.
Measurement  Determination of the magnitude of a quantity by comparison with a standard for that quantity.* In the APM, a quantum measurement is also a dimension with a specific value: mass of the electron, Compton wavelength, etc.
Neutrino (also antineutrino) – The quantity of stray angular momentum ejected from a neutron in a beta decay process. It is not a true onn.
Neutron – An onn composed of a proton, captured electron, and captured stray angular momentum. The neutron has ½ spin.
Onn (Onta) – Neither a particle, nor a wave, but the state of stable matter which includes the electron, positron, proton, antiproton, neutron, antineutron, and photon.
Orthogonality – Dimensions and units at right angles to each other.
Photon – A quantum unit of expanding electron angular momentum with 1spin.
Positron – The antionn of the electron having positive charge and ½ spin.
Primary angular momentum – The most primary state of stable matter.
Proton – A stable onn having the angular momentum equal to and halfspin.
Quantum Structure – A new branch of physics complimentary to Quantum Mechanics, which describes the structure of quantum existence as opposed to its mechanics.
Reach – The constant of length per Aether mass coexisting with the Gforce acting through the gravitational constant.
Spacetime – Referring to the product of three dimensions of length at 90 degrees to each other and one dimension of linear time.
Spaceresonance – Referring to the product of three dimensions of length at 90 degrees from each other and two dimensions of distributed frequency.
Spherical charge – The geometry of elementary charge caused by the geometry of distributed frequency.
Spin position – The location within a quantum Aether unit where angular momentum resides. Each Aether unit contains four spin positions with the characteristics of positiveright spin, positiveleft spin, negativeright spin, and negativeleft spin.
Steradian – A unit of measure equal to the solid angle subtended at the center of a sphere by an area on the surface of the sphere that is equal to the radius squared: The total solid angle of a sphere is 4π steradians. *
Stroke – The constant of length per Aether strong charge coexisting with the Gforce acting through the rmfd constant.
Strong charge – The electromagnetic charge possessed by all onta and directly proportional to the mass of the onta.
Time – [Dimension] The dimension in which all references to intervals occur. [Measurement] The measurement of intervals.
Tshankha – The electron quantum unit of energy.
Unit – A specific combination of quantum measurements that yields a specific physical property: velocity, friction, magnetic field, potential, etc. Quantum units are also constants.
Weak interaction  A fundamental interaction between onta that is several orders of magnitude weaker than the electromagnetic interaction and is responsible for some particle decay, nuclear beta decay, and neutrino absorption and emission.*
* Definitions quoted from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
APM Highlights
The Aether Physics Model includes many new physics concepts to explain Quantum Structure. The parameters induce directly from empirical measurements of electrons, protons, Coulomb's constant, the Newton gravitational constant, Planck's constant, the speed of light, and the permeability and permittivity of space.
New from Aether Physics Model

 Unified Force Theory  Unifies all fundamental forces
 Geometrical model of space and resonance – Space gets its curvature from resonance
 Spaceresonance is more fundamental than Spacetime
 Identification of Aether as rotating magnetic field
 Evidence of a nonmaterial creator through analysis of Gforce and dimensions
 Quantification of consciousness
 Identification of dark matter as primary angular momentum
 Neutrino quantifies as captured dark matter between folded Aether units in neutron
 Proton and neutron fine structure constants quantified
 Matter and antimatter are gravitationally repulsive
 Electron binding energy equation
Corrections to Standard Model

 Strong force carrier quantified as manifestation of charge instead of gluon or pi meson

 Weak nuclear “force carrier” quantified as proportion of elementary to strong charge
 All charge is distributed, not single dimension (as observed by Charles Coulomb)
 Physical origin of fine structure constants quantified
 Proton and neutron angular momenta quantified
 Massenergy equivalence theory not required
 Energy and mass are not "things" and cannot be converted to each other
 Subatomic “particles” identified as primary angular momentum encapsulated by Aether
 More precise definitions of dimensions and units
 Photon quantified as a true quantum “particle” and capable of being modeled
 Photons can be created from outside of spacetime
 Expanding Universe quantified as photon construction via law similar to Casimir effect
 Casimir equation corrected
 Corrected value of neutron gfactor
 Corrected value of neutron magnetic moment
 All energy has two phases, positive and negative
 Resonance is a distributed unit and there are three primary resonances in LC circuits
New System of Quantum Units

 Rotating Magnetic Field is a unit
 Conductance is a constant of “free space” (Aether)
 Photon is a unit
 Light is a unit
 Eddy current is a unit
 Friction is a unit
 Resonance is a unit
Credits
In Appreciation
A special thank you goes to Angelyn Ray for her
invaluable volunteer editing of the
Secrets of the Aether manuscript,
and for polishing it from draft form to final copy;
and to Lorisa Gardiner of The Aenor Trust
for her assistance with editing and publishing.
We also thank Colleen Thomas
for making it her mission to get the
Aether Physics Model out to the public.
Not everyone listed in the credits are supporters of the Aether Physics Model. Some people were (and may still be) active opponents of the Aether Physics Model, but their questions and criticisms led to the exploration of physics topics that might not otherwise have been explored. Others have simply asked the right questions at the right time. While seeking answers to these questions, the authors gained further insights into the Aether Physics Model.
Yet others are openminded and qualified physicists and engineers who have the patience to entertain a new theory of Quantum Structure. These people have provided constructive criticism, asked logical questions, and provided useful data or other material to foster the development of the equations.
Then there are those who saw the value of the Aether Physics Model and outright supported our efforts through financial and other material contributions. In thanks for the financial support, I acknowledge very generous contributions from Jim Bourassa, Angelyn Ray, Carole Morrissette, Lonnie and Becky Pritchard, Social Lodge #38 F&AM, Dana Thomson, and Colleen Thomas. This is not to belittle the other meaningful donations, which helped move us forward.
Thanks to the following persons for contributing to the Aether Physics Model through guidance, suggestions, good questions, or criticisms.
Tarthang Tulku, Jim Bourassa, Don Palermo, EL Hemetis, Terry Fritz, Vincent Thomson, Guy Grantham, Robert LaniganO'Keeffe, Phillip Scribner, Greg Dunn, Norman Bollinger, David McCutcheon, Peggy Sue Manierre, Bert Hickman, Drake Bailey, Tom Gutman, Harry Hubbard, Paul Kelly, Phil Risby, Dan Marquez, Dr. James G. Gilson, John Sefton, David L. Bergman, Glen C. Collins, Charles W. Lucas Jr., Atom Scott, Dale Sumburèru, Jim Farrer, Frederick McGalliard, Jet Black, James Moore, Ed Phillips, Floyd Purcell, Fred Diether, Bilge, Leo Cabana, Richard Hull, Colin Quinney, Gwyn P. Williams, Angelyn Ray, Valdeane W. Brown, Tom Collura, Vlad Tokarev, Norman Talsoe, Cynthia K. Whitney, Colleen Thomas, Tom Harrelson, James T. Lee, Richard Merrick, Gerald Hooper, David Thomson Sr., Jack Houk, Lester Hulett, Loys Nunez, Michael Duffy, Mike Hollingsworth, Warren Siegel, Br. Kevin Ryan, George Bass, and Robert Davic.
And of course, we must all thank the great mystics, philosophers and scientists throughout history, whose shoulders we stand on.
[1] CURRENT DENSITY. (1) A vector representing the time rate of flow of electric charge per unit area. The direction of the vector is the direction of positive charge flow; the magnitude is the limit of the flow rate per unit area as the area approaches zero. The area considered is perpendicular to the direction of flow. Walter C. Michels, International Dictionary of Physics and Electronics (New Jersey: Van Nostrand, 1956) 206.
[2] "Electric Field Strength (Elec. Eng).. The strength of an electric field at any point; measured by the force in dynes exerted on a unit charge at the point. " C. F. Tweney and L. E. C. Hughes, eds., Chambers's Technical Dictionary (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: W.& R. Chambers, 1958) 285.
[3] “Electric Flux Density (Elec. Eng).. The integration of the electric field intensity per unit area, the integration being taken over an elementary area normal to the direction of the field intensity. It is the same as displacement (q.v. Diel. ).” C. F. Tweney and L. E. C. Hughes, eds., Chambers's Technical Dictionary (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: W.& R. Chambers, 1958) 285.